Facial pain may result from various neurologic, vascular, or infectious disorders. intense, paroxysmal facial pain may occur along the pathway of cranial nerve V (trigeminal nerve) or cranial nerve VII (facial nerve). Pain can also be referred to the face in disorders of the ear, nose, paranasal sinuses, teeth, neck, and jaw.



MEDICAL CAUSES
  • Angina pectoris
  • Dental caries: Facial pain related to chewing or temperature changes
  • Glaucoma
  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia
  • Herpes zoster oticus (Ramsay Hunt syndrome)ain around the ear, hearing loss, vertigo, and transient ipsilateral facial paralysis.
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is accompanied by jaw and facial weakness
  • Sinus cancer
  • Sinusitis (acute).
  • Sinusitis (chronic).
  • Sphenopalatine neuralgia.
  • Temporal arteritis.
  • Temporomandibular joint syndrome.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia


SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
Diagnostic tests: sinus, skull, or dental X-rays, intracranial or sinus computed tomography scans;
Give pain medications, decongestant and apply direct heat ….

Nguồn: Professional Guide to Signs and Symptoms.