View Full Version : anti-GBM là gì???

09-05-11, 12:36 AM
Anti–glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody disease is a rare autoimmune disorder in which circulating antibodies are directed against an antigen normally present in the GBM and alveolar basement membrane. The target antigen is the alpha-3 chain of type IV collagen. The resultant clinical syndrome encompasses a spectrum ranging from mild or no renal involvement to rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis.
Many patients develop pulmonary hemorrhage, and most individuals have signs of a generalized systemic illness. The combination of glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage is commonly referred to as Goodpasture syndrome. Pulmonary and/or renal manifestations can be encountered in various conditions, such as antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)–positive vasculitis and other autoimmune disorders. As a consequence, the identification of anti-GBM antibodies in the patient's serum or tissues is of paramount importance in the diagnosis of Goodpasture disease.
In this article, Goodpasture disease and anti-GBM disease are used synonymously and refer to the presence of anti-GBM antibodies in tissues (eg, kidney, lungs, or both), independent of clinical manifestations. Goodpasture syndrome refers to clinically evident glomerulonephritis, pulmonary hemorrhage, or both in a patient with Goodpasture disease.
nguồn:Medscape reference