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ntkvan
28-02-11, 01:16 AM
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Pain arising from structures served by the phrenic nerve is often "referred" to other somatic regions served by spinal nerves C3-C5. For example, a subphrenic abscess beneath the right diaphragm might cause a patient to feel pain in the right shoulder (Kehr's sign). Irritation of the phrenic nerve (or the tissues supplied by it) leads to the hiccough reflex. A hiccough is a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm, which pulls air against the closed folds of the larynx.

The phrenic nerve must be identified during thoracic surgery and preserved. It passes anterior to the hilum of the corresponding lung, and therefore can be identified easily. The right phrenic nerve may be crushed by the vena cava clamp during liver transplantation.[2] Severing the phrenic nerve, or a phrenectomy,[3] will paralyse that half of the diaphragm. Diaphragm paralysis is best demonstrated by sonography.[4] Breathing will be made more difficult but will continue provided the other nerve is intact.

Fortunately, the phrenic nerve arises from the neck (C3-C5) and innervates the diaphragm, which is much lower. Hence, patients who suffer spinal cord injuries below the neck are still able to breathe effectively, despite any paralysis of the lower limbs.


Read more: Phương pháp chữa trị cho thương thần kinh cơ hoành | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/way_5525288_cures-phrenic-nerve-damage.html#ixzz1E6iIdPNt