View Full Version : Typhoid fever

22-09-09, 11:11 PM
Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease, caused by Salmonella typhi. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or drink contaminated by the faeces or urine of infected people.
Symptoms usually develop 1–3 weeks after exposure, and may be mild or severe. They include high fever, malaise, headache, constipation or diarrhoea, rose-coloured spots on the chest, and enlarged spleen and liver. Healthy carrier state may follow acute illness.
Exams and Tests: A complete blood count (CBC) will show a high number of white blood cells.
A blood culture during first week of the fever can show S. typhi bacteria
Other tests that can help diagnose this condition include:
• Stool culture
• ELISA urine test to look for the bacteria that causes Typhoid fever
• Platelet count (platelet count will be low)
• Fluorescent antibody study to look for substances specific to Typhoid bacteria
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics. However, resistance to common antimicrobials is widespread. Healthy carriers should be excluded from handling food.

26-12-10, 12:32 AM